Kenya - chapter 2: screaming dolphins

Minimum ('000) Maximum ('000) TLU ('000) Per cent of biomass Head ('000) Cattle 86 412 332 510 Smallstock 11 518 319 718 Donkeys 3 16 9 27 Source: Derived from Peden (1984), who summarised aerial-survey inventories of livestock and wildlife population carried out by KREMU between 1977 and 1983. The figures in Tables , and represent the combined estimates for several surveys. Table . Estimated herbivore biomass density (TLU/km 2 ) in Kajiado and the Amboseli ecozones.   Estimated herbivore biomass density
(TLU/km 2 ) Kajiado District
Amboseli ecozone 1974-76 a 1977-83 b 1974-76 a Domestic herbivores Wild herbivores Total Source: a Croze (1978); b Peden (1984). Table . Estimated major wild herbivore populations in Kajiado and the Amboseli ecozones.   Kajiado District a Amboseli ecozone b Number (000 head) Per cent of biomass Number ('000 head) Per cent of biomass Wildebeest 43 22 11 15 Zebra 22 18 4 10 Eland 7 10 4 15 Giraffe 8 25 3 27 Other wildlife
33 Source: a Peden (1984); b Croze (1978). Between 1977 and 1983 the average stocking rate in Kajiado District, based on aerial inventories, was ha/TLU (Table ). However, if the fluctuations in domestic herbivore populations indicated by ground counts reflect reality, total stocking rates varied from to ha/TLU 8 over that period. 8 Based on the data from the Animal Production Division, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development. Sloane (1986) calculated the stocking rate of domestic herbivores in Kajiado District for 1983 at 31 TLU/km 2 or ha/TLU. Infrastructure Over the last 30 years, the human population of Kajiado District has increased four-fold, or by % a year (Republic of Kenya, 1982). At least half of this increase was due to immigration. In 1979 the population of Kajiado District was estimated at 149,000, or an overall density of people/km 2 ; the population density in pastoral areas was approximately 5 people/km 2 (CBS, 1981). Detailed statistics on the distribution of Maasai pastoralists are given in Chapter 3 (Section : The socioeconomic impact of group ranches in Kajiado Maasailand). By 1979 about a quarter of the population was non-Maasai, up from just a few per cent in 1949. The economy of Kajiado District is still dominated by the Maasai, who are largely pastoralists, but rainfed farming, largely by non-Maasai, has taken over as the major economic activity in higher potential areas. Irrigated cropping has also been increasing along river valleys and in swampy areas. The main areas for irrigated cropping are along the Ngong Hills, along the Lolturesh River in the Kimana area, in the Kilimanjaro foothills and around Namanga. Other major economic activities include the Amboseli National Park and mining of soda from Lake Magadi. The National Park is a major tourist attraction, but provides no revenue for the District and generates little employment for the local people. The soda mine employs about 600 people, but most employees are immigrants from other districts. Kajiado District is well served by a network of all-weather roads and by railways (Figure ). In addition, numerous roads that are passable in the dry season penetrate the interior of the District. This network effectively links the urban and trading centres in the District, and public transport is quite readily available. By virtue of its proximity to Nairobi, Kajiado District is able to supply this major meat consumption centre. However, the District's livestock marketing system is well developed only for cattle. Only the western and northern parts of Kajiado seem to supply smallstock to the Nairobi market; there are no smallstock markets in the southern and eastern parts of the District (see Section , Problems of the livestock marketing sys tem). Figure . Map of Kajiado District showing location of towns, villages and the study area. Until 1986 the government set and controlled prices of most commodities, including food and livestock products. However, the government prices were generally applicable only in major towns and trading centres; traders in smaller centres and more remote areas often charged prices 20-30% above those set by the government. There are more than 100 full primary schools in Kajiado District but among the pastoralists only 40 to 45% of school-age children are enrolled in school. There are also 16 secondary schools. The Maasai Rural Training Centre operates four youth polytechnics with financial backing from the National Council of Churches in Kenya and the government. In 1986 these offered 129 adult education courses, for which 2340 people enrolled; 10% of the people enrolled were women (Dietz et al, 1986). The District has 3 hospitals, 8 health centres and 22 dispensaries. However, these are mostly underused because they are situated in urban centres and hence are not readily accessible to the pastoralists. Mobile clinics are operated by AMREF and ICROSS (Dietz et al, 1986). Many other non-governmental organisations and foreign assistance programmes operate in the District and provide a variety of support services. References Bernsten R H and Jacobs A H. 1983. Socio-economic aspects of range research in Kenya: A plan for reaching the Ultimate target groups. Ministry of Livestock Development, Nairobi, Kenya. 112 pp. [Available on microfiche from ILCA: Microfiche no. 59573] Bille J C and Heemstra H. 1979. An illustrated introduction to the rainfall patterns in Kenya. ILCA/Kenya Working Document 12. 57 pp. ILCA (International Livestock Centre for Africa), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. [ILCA Microfiche no. 16878] CBS (Central Bureau of Statistics). 1981. The 1979 population census. Ministry of Finance and Planning, Nairobi, Kenya. 95 pp. Conant F P. 1982. Thorns paired, sharply recurved cultural controls and rangeland quality in East Africa. In: Spooner B and Mann H S (eds). Desertification and development: Dryland ecology in social perspective. Academic Press, London. pp. 111-122. Croze H. 1978. Aerial surveys undertaken by Kenya Wildlife Management Project: Methodologies and results. Wildlife Management and Conservation Department and UNEP/FAO Wildlife Project, Nairobi, Kenya. 79 pp. Dietz T. Owiti A P. Brandt J and Otinga J O. 1986. Report of the identification mission for an ASAL programme in Kajiado District. Netherlands Development Organization, Nairobi, Kenya. 35 pp. Jacobs A. 1984. An overview of population dynamics in Kenya's rangelands (1969-1979). Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Nairobi, Kenya, and Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, Morrilton, Arkansas, USA. 10 pp. Jaetzold R and Schmidt H. 1983. Farm manage ment of Kenya. Vol. IIC. East Kenya. Ministry of Agriculture, Nairobi, Kenya. 410 pp. de Leeuw P N and Nyambaka R. 1988. The prediction of rangeland production from rainfall data in arid and semi-arid eastern Africa. In: Pasture Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (PANESA), African forage plant genetic resources, evaluation of forage germplasm and extensive livestock production systems. Proceedings of the Third Workshop held at the International Conference Centre, Arusha, Tanzania, 27-30 April 1987. ILCA (International Livestock Centre for Africa), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 260-268. de Leeuw P N. Peacock C and Cisse M. 1986. The importance of Acacia tortilis pod feeding in smallstock management in Mbirikani Group Ranch, Kajiado District. In: Proceedings of the Fifth Small Ruminant CRSP Workshop, Nairobi, 4-6 November 1986. Small Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program, Nairobi, Kenya. pp. 233-241. Mbugua S W. 1986. Monitoring livestock and wildlife in Kenya. In: Hansen R M, Woie B M and Child R D (eds), Range development and research in Kenya. Proceedings of a conference held at the Agricultural Resources Centre, Egerton College, Njoro, Kenya, 1-5 April 1986. Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, Morrilton, Arkansas, USA. pp. 413-430. McDowell R E, Sisler D S. Schermerhorn C, Reed J D and Bauer R P. 1983. Game or cattle for meat production on Kenyan rangelands? Cornell International Agriculture Mimeo 101. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA. 56 pp. Peden D G. 1984. Livestock and wildlife population inventories by districts in Kenya, 1977-1983. Technical Report 13, Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife, Kenya Rangeland Ecological Monitoring Unit, Nairobi, Kenya. 18 pp. Pratt D J and Gwynne M D. 1977. Rangeland management and ecology in East Africa. Hodder and Stoughton, London, UK. 130 pp. Rattray J M. 1960. The grass cover of Africa. FAO Agriculture Studies 49 . FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), Rome, Italy. 168 pp. Republic of Kenya. 1982. Report prepared for the Wildlife Planning Unit: Amboseli/Lower Rift regional study. Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife, Nairobi, Kenya. 162 pp. Sloane P. 1986. Population supporting capacity study for Kenya. FAO Internal Report INT/75/P 13. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), Rome, Italy. 170 pp. Sombroek W C, Braun H M H and van der Pouw B J A. 1982. Explanatory soil map and agro-climatic zone map of Kenya . Report E1. National Agricultural Laboratories, Soil Survey Unit, Nairobi, Kenya. 56 pp. Touber L. 1983. Soils and vegetation of the Amboseli-Kibwezi area . Kenya Soil Survey R6, Ministry of Agriculture, Nairobi, Kenya. 125 pp. van Wijngaarden W. 1985. Elephants-trees-grass-grazers: Relationships between climate, soil, vegetation and large herbivores in a semi-arid savanna ecosystem. ITC Publication 4. ITC (International Institute for Aerospace Survey ant Earth Sciences), Enschede, The Netherlands. 165 pp.

On receipt of the above documents, the High Commission will issue a letter of no objection for the remains to be transported to Kenya. No fee is charged for the service . Certificate for transportation of Ashes of the Deceased to Kenya Requirements:-

The Annual Lecture was successfully held on Thursday 16thNovember, 2017. We had a comprehensive and insightful presentation by Hon. (Retired) Justice Jonathan Bowen Havelock, who presented on the state of arbitration in Kenya. Some of the key highlights of his speech were as follows: Recognition of the country turning into a financial and transportation hub,[…]

It is a very informative paper with simple and clear explainations. There are two things however, that need to be cleared:
I The County Assembly Service Board
The County Assembly Service Board will be a State Corporation as per the defination of a State Corporation in the State Corporations Act Cap 446 section 2. will it then be subject to the provisions of the State Corporations ACT?
2 The Government introduced Performance Contracting as a Performance Management tool for better service will the systems that are currently working well for Central Government be implemented in the County Government


Kenya - Chapter 2: Screaming DolphinsKenya - Chapter 2: Screaming DolphinsKenya - Chapter 2: Screaming DolphinsKenya - Chapter 2: Screaming Dolphins