Joseph haydn haydn - the lindsays the lindsay string quartet string quartets op.54


Haydn was inspired to create The Creation following his trips to the UK, where he heard the oratorios of Handel still being performed with massive forces. He is quoted as saying that, once in the flow, he begged God to let him be able to finish the work – clearly knowing he was onto a corker.

At one particular performance, just a year before he died, Haydn had to be carried into the hall on a chair to hear his music. As the audience billed and cooed at various sublime sections, Haydn was forced to take the spontaneous applause. He is said to have pointed to the sky, smiled and said, ‘It’s not from me: everything comes from up there!’

Recommended Recording

Heather Harper (soprano); Pamela Bowden (mezzo-soprano); Alexander Young (tenor); John Shirley-Quirk (bass); Choir of King’s College, Cambridge; Academy of St Martin in the Fields ; David Willcocks (conductor). EMI Classics: 3759292.

Two works often identified and even published as piano concertos by Haydn, and commonly taught to younger piano students, are actually Divertimenti, grouped in Hob. XIV. Specifically, they are Hob. XIV:3 (the "Little Concerto" in C major), and Hob. XIV:4 (another "concerto" in C major). However, another work of similar technical difficulty that is also identified and published as a concerto is the Concerto in F, Hob. XVIII:F1.

 · Haydn ’s massive late oratorio The Creation is considered by more than a few to be his great masterpiece, despite the limitations of a rather dubious ...

References:

Mozart- "The Golden years" - by HC. Robbins 1989
Schirmer Boob. Mozart - by Hugh Ottaway 1979
Orbis. Maria Theresa - by Edward Cranbhaw, 1969 Longmans.
Encyclopaedia of Freemasonry by Albert C. MacKay and Charles T. McClenachan, 1924 Edition, The Masonic History Company.
Encyclopaedia Brittanica.
Encarta Encyclopaedia by Microsoft.

Musical creativity may often, it is true, meet a tragic end, but Haydn lived long enough to reap the rewards of his own imagination and toil. The Esterházys curtailed their musical activities in 1790, but by that time Haydn was known all over Europe and widely considered the greatest living composer. (He himself deferred to Mozart in that regard, and the friendly competition between the two composers deepened the music of both.) Two trips to London during the 1790s resulted in two sets of six symphonies each (among them the "Surprise" symphony) that remain centerpieces of the orchestral repertoire. Haydn 's final masterpieces included powerful choral works: the Creation and Seasons oratorios and a group of six masses. Haydn stopped composing in 1803, after which he prefaced his correspondence with a little musical quotation (from one of his part-songs) bearing the text "Gone is all my strength; I am old and weak." He died in Vienna on May 31, 1809.

Known today as the "The father of the Symphony and the String quartet", Haydn actually invented neither, but did develop them into the forms that eventually swept throughout Europe. Joseph Haydn was evidently an unassuming man who seemingly without effort turned out literally hundreds of sonatas , quartets , symphonies , operas and concertos during his career. His music is always extremely well-crafted and seemingly simple and charming, but there are always flights of fancy and pure jokes amidst the classical veneer. The most famous example is the "surprise" in the second movement of his Symphony no. 94 in G major , but his humor can also be heard in the finale of the Symphony no. 82 , nicknamed "the Bear" as the bass drone and chortling bassoons in the finale conjured images of a dancing bear in the minds of the symphony's first audiences. Haydn's modernization of the Rococo string quartet turned it into the intimate form we know, in which all four instruments are treated with equal importance. The late String Quartet, op. 76 gives an idea of the melodic elegance found in the 83 quartets composed by this master of the genre.

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Joseph Haydn Haydn - The Lindsays The Lindsay String Quartet String Quartets Op.54Joseph Haydn Haydn - The Lindsays The Lindsay String Quartet String Quartets Op.54Joseph Haydn Haydn - The Lindsays The Lindsay String Quartet String Quartets Op.54Joseph Haydn Haydn - The Lindsays The Lindsay String Quartet String Quartets Op.54

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